Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику


^ Screaming Tyres

You ever (1) ____________ (to wonder) what it (2) ______ (to be) like to sit behind the wheel of a racing car? You (3) ______________ (to look for) a really imaginative birthday present for a car-mad friend? If Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the answer to either of these questions is ‘yes’, then you (4) _____________ (mod.v./be) interested to hear about a course I (5) _________ (to take) at Stoke Lodge Racing School recently.

My day Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику as a racing driver was the first prize in a competition I (6) ____________ (to enter) and I must say it is the most exciting prize I ever (7) __________ (to win). The day began with Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику theoretical instruction covering all aspects of safety. This (8) ___________ (to follow) by practical tuition in a high performance saloon car. With no traffic to worry about, I (9) _______________ (mod.v./practice) controlling the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику car on bends and prepare myself for the ultimate experience: the chance to drive a single seater racing car.

And finally, with a crash helmet on, I (10) __________ (mod.v./rev up) the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику engine and edge my way out on to the circuit. Six breath-taking laps later, my dream (11) __________ (to become) a reality.

For those not lucky enough to win a day at the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику racing school, the cost of the introduction course is $120. Anyone who (12) _________ (mod.v./drive) a car (13) __________ (mod.v./enjoy) the experience, regardless of age. The oldest person so far (14) ___________ (to be) 85, and Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику I understand that he (15) ________ (to book) a second course!

(From “Advanced English CAE” by Sue O’Connell)

Exercise 10. Reading.

Read the following article quickly and find answers to the questions given below. Try Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to concentrate only on the passages that provide the information you need and skip those that are of no importance to you at the moment.

  1. What concrete data does the article give on the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику number of single-parent households in European countries?

  2. What law on nontraditional families was passed in Denmark?

  3. What would unmarried fathers (in France) be able to do if they Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику were granted full parental rights?

  4. What criteria must unmarried couples meet to be covered by new family legislation in the Netherlands?

  5. Can an unmarried person have access to his/her partner’s pension Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику?

  6. What steps are taken by the authorities to ease the burden on single parents?



All in the Family … or Not

Tradition is in retreat across Europe, where new and varied

family structures are changing the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику way we live.

Stig Skovlind and Malene Nielsen met 21 years ago and 18 months after they started dating, the two moved in together. Over the years they pursued their careers, and had three Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику children. What they never did was to get married.

“We considered marriage when we had our first child, mainly because it would give Stig a stronger position on custody rights Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику in case we split up,” says Malene. But they quickly decided to leave things as they were. “We trust each other. We don’t need a document,” she says. Adds Stig: “Our attachment has to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику do with what we feel for each other. If we let legislation into our private space, it would not be good.”

This pattern holds true throughout much of Scandinavia, where about half Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of all children are born out of wedlock, almost double the EU average. This more informal structure is helped by a legal framework that is increasingly sympathetic to nontraditional families. In Denmark Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, for example, under a law passed in 2001, cohabiting couples automatically have joint custody of newborn children.

Throughout Europe couples like the Skovlind-Nielsons are redefining what the term family Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику means. Forget the stereotype of a breadwinning father, stay-at-home mother and 2.4 children in a one-family dwelling, garage attached.

In the past 10 years in Germany, for instance, the number of single-parent households Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику with a man at the head has risen by 63%, with female-led households rising by 31% over the same period. In the Netherlands, 23% of children are born out of wedlock Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. And in the Eastern bloc, out-of-wedlock births in Poland have almost doubled in the past 20 years.

What’s more, increasing numbers of Europeans are choosing not to have children at Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику all, a trend that not only promises some sizable demographic shifts in the years ahead (with fewer younger people around to shoulder the cost of supporting their generational forebears) but also could cause Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a growing schism between parents and nonparents about how government money for social services is allocated. “It’s an explosion waiting to happen,” says Frank Ferudi, a reader in sociology at the university Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of Kent who is researching a book that, among other things, will explore the growing resentment childless couples have over what they see as preferential treatment for their child-rearing Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику counterparts.

That’s not to say that the traditional family is completely dead and buried. In Great Britain, for example, around 63% of people with dependent children are married. But it’s an idea that Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику’s fast losing ground. “Essentially, there is more diversity,” says Kathleen Kierman, a professor of social policy and demography at the London School of Economics.

These changing attitudes haven’t gone unnoticed Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику by European governments. In 1998, when the coalition government came to power in Germany, one of its first moves was to redefine the family as any “relationship involving children,” thus stretching the concept Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. “The family can be lived in manifold ways,” says Gabriel Conen, head of the Family department at the Ministry for Family, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth. “There is no ideological discussion any longer Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику about what a family is. We don’t put up a model, but orient our policies toward what exists.”

Other countries are also taking steps to ensure that de Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику-facto relationships have some legal recognition. About two years ago the French National Assembly passed the pactes civils de solidarité, which legally recognized and gave certain rights to couples living together. The French are now Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику considering proposals that would grant full parental rights to both parents of children who were born out of wedlock. Registered unmarried fathers would be able to put their children Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику on their social security card, receive school notices, claim aid for lodging to accommodate their offspring, even if they don’t have full custody, and qualify for family transportation discounts and tax deductions Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику.

The Netherlands, too, allows couples who are not married, but who meet certain criteria, such as living together and making a commitment to mutual financial support, to register as a domestic Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику partnership. New legislation means that such couples now have the rights of inheritance, pension and continued possession of an owner-occupied home.

But for many cohabiting couples such laws fall short, if they Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику even exist. While they may provide proof that a relationship exists, they often do not carry full legal authority or grant unmarried partners the same tax breaks or entitlements that married Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику couples enjoy, such as access to the partner’s pension.

If societies – and the governments they elect – approve of and encourage these new forms of family life, they must be prepared to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику pay for them in the form of child care and tax allowances – for both married and unmarried parents. “A lot of pressure could be taken off the mothers and fathers if there Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику was better child care,” says Furedi. “But this isn’t happening at the moment”. He laments the situation in the UK, which has the worst record in Europe for looking after preschool Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику children. “We are going to end up like those societies in Spain, Portugal and Italy where women just aren’t having children because they know it is impossible to have a kid and work Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. As a society we are just not able to organize life to make childbearing a realistic option and that would be a very sad state of affairs.”

Nevertheless, there are moves Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику afoot in several countries to ease the burden on parents. In Germany, children of single parents take priority on kindergarten waiting lists and parents who need child care receive an annual allowance of $1,418. In Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику France, the Prime Minister recently announced a plan to set aside $130 million for daycare. And Italy, a country with one of the lowest birthrates in the Western world, a campaign Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику is under way to increase annual tax deductions for children from $250 a year – which, critics complain, is totally inadequate – to a more realistic $450 a year.

In other words, societies, politicians and policymakers Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику are starting to recognize that families, whether they are nuclear or single-parent, are a part of the common good – and that children, the precious future of any society, must be cared Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику for – no matter what kind of family they come from.

(From ‘Time’, abridged)


Discussion

  1. The article says that increasing numbers of Europeans prefer to have no children at all, which ‘promises some sizable demographic shifts Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику in the years ahead.’ What do you think these shifts are going to be like? What can they mean for social development?

  2. The article points out that childless couples have Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a growing resentment for ‘their child-rearing counterparts over what they see as preferential treatment’. What does this ‘preferential treatment’ imply?

  3. Do you think it is essential that full parental rights should be granted Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to both parents of children who were born out of wedlock? Why?

  4. Do you think governments should provide greater child care to single parents and nontraditional families?


Exercise 11. Translate the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику sentences into English. Use the active vocabulary to translate the words and word combinations given in italics. Use Gerund or infinitive structures to translate the underlined parts of the sentences.


Exercise 12. Supply Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

A.

Alice: If I (1) ________ (to read) between the lines, you (2) ______ (to imply) that I’m incompetent.

Boss: No, I wouldn’t say that Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. You (3) _________ (to put) a false interpretation in what I said.

^ A: So I shouldn’t infer in any way from your remarks that you want to get rid of me, then?”

B Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику: Make what you will of my comments.

A: I conclude from what others (4) __________ (to say) that you think things (5) _________ (to get) rather slack recently. And your monthly report confirms it. According to that, I Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику’m useless.

B: I think you (6) _________ (to be) oversensitive.

A: But others (7) ______________ (to interpret) your text in the same way.

B: You just (8) ____________ (to jump) to conclusions.

A: Judging by your comments Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику I think I can safely assume you don’t mind (9) ________ (to lose) me.

^ B: To quote somebody or other: “No one is indispensable.”

A: Enough said.

(From “Grammar and Vocabulary for Cambridge Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Advanced and Proficiency” by R.Side)

B.

Worries about Internet Use

A recent survey into Internet use has thrown up some worrying results. The Stanford University survey asked respondents to answer a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику number of questions about their Internet use. It asked how much time they (1) ________ (to spend) on the Internet and if Internet use (2) _________ (to affect) the amount of time they (3) ________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику spend) with families and friends. It also enquired if their Internet use (4) _________ (to increase) the time respondents (5) ____________ (to spend) working, either at home or in the office.

The answers were interesting, but Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику not unexpected. Two-thirds of the people surveyed responded that they still (6) _________ (to spend) fewer than five hours a week on the Internet. The survey concluded that the behaviour of these people (7) _______ (to change) little Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. However, a quarter of those people who do use the Internet for more than five hours a week claimed that now they (8) __________ (to spend) less time with their family Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику and friends. One in four of the total respondents also said that the time they (9) __________ (to spend) working at home (10) _______________ (to increase) benefiting their employers.

Professor of Political Science of Stanford University, Norman Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Nie, told us we (11) _____ (to move) from a world where we (12) _____________ (to know and see) our neighbours and friends to one where interaction (13) _______ (to take) place at a distance. It seems that the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику results of the survey proved that the Internet (14) _____ (to turn) people into solitary beings who (15) ___ (mod.v.negative/bother) to call their mother on her birthday.

(From “Advanced Learners’ Grammar” by Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику M.Foley)


C.

A recent report on hygiene in shops and restaurants claimed that over 40% of establishments involved in the survey (1) ____ (to fall) below acceptable standards. One butcher quoted in the report even boasted Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику that one of his customers (2) _________ (to become) ill after eating chicken she (3) __________ (to buy) at his shop. When she complained she (4) ___________ (to tell) it (5) _____________ (mod.v./be) the chicken but Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику anyway she (6) ______________ (mod.v./wash) it thoroughly under the tap before she (7) ___________ (to cook) it. The butcher conceded he (8) ___________ (to act) somewhat irresponsibly but seemed happy to admit that he (9) ___________ (to sell Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) the same chicken in the future if it ever (10) __________ (to be) necessary.

All this is rather worrying. Of particular cause for concern is the attitude expressed by a chef at an expensive Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику restaurant who related how he once (11) _____________ (to serve) food reheated from three-day-old leftovers and (12) _________ (to sell) it at vastly inflated price. The author of the report, interviewed on television, said that as Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a result of his studies he (13) ____________ (to come) to the conclusion that the more you (14) __________ (to pay) for the meal, the more likely you (15) _________ (to be) to get ill Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику.

(From ‘Grammar and Vocabulary for Cambridge Advanced and Proficiency” by R.Side)


D. Define the type of the clause in the following sentences and supply the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

  1. If Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the authorities _____________ (to demolish) this ancient building, they will go down in history as complete barbarians. Fortunately, they haven’t yet decided if they ___________ (to demolish) it.

  2. When the company Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику ___________ (to open up) its branch in Singapore some employees will have to go there. However, it isn’t yet clear when they __________ (to open) it.

  3. When the draft contract _________ (to be) ready it will Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику be analyzed by our lawyer, but it’s hard to say when it ________ (to be) ready.

  4. I hope they _________ (to replace) my ancient ‘Pentium-100’ with something better. The point is that Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику nobody knows when they ___________ (to replace) it and if they __________ (to replace) it at all.

  5. What will happen if the USA _____________ (to invade) this country?

  6. When the fire drill ___________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику begin) the teachers will have to lead the children out of the school building. – Does anybody know when it _________ (to begin)? – Of course, not.

  7. If scientists __________ (to come) to the conclusion that there will Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику be an eruption of the vulcano, they will warn local residents about it. Unfortunately, there are doubts if they ______ (to be able) to predict it accurately enough.

  8. Some unpleasant facts will come Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to light if the police ______ (to start) enquiries into the matter. However, nobody can tell if the enquiry ever __________ (to start).

  9. The authorities must take certain steps. If a drought ________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику strike) the country, a lot of people will die of malnutrition. – Yes, but they can’t predict if there ________ (to be) a drought in the near future.

  10. Tell Ray about our plans face to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику face when you __________ (to meet) him. – Yes, but I don’t know if I _________ (to meet) him at all this week.

  11. If Martin _________ (to get) involved in something illegal, he Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику’ll hardly keep his job. – Why say that? I greatly doubt if he ever _____________ (to get) involved in something like that.

  12. Kevin won’t make up his mind until he __________ (to have Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) a chance to give the matter some thought. The point is that nobody knows when he ___________ (to have) this chance.

  13. You’ll get used to our methods when you ____________ (to work) here a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику bit longer. And once you ___________ (to get) used to our methods, you ___________ (to find) the job a lot easier. The matter is that it’s hard to say when you ________ (to get Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) used to them.

  14. The builders will start work as soon as the plans __________ (to approve). I’d like to know when they ___________ (to approve).

  15. I was working out a draft contract Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику and promised to let them know as soon as I ____________ (to finish). However, I couldn’t say when I ___________ (to finish).

  16. The chairperson agreed that we would be able to go ahead Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику only after we ______________ (to resolve) this dispute, but we were not certain if we ever _____________ (to be able) to resolve it.

  17. Alice said she would never trust David again if he Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику _________ (not to tell) her the truth. However, we doubted if she ever ____________ (to make) him reveal all the facts.

  18. The solicitor said he would accept Mr Jackson’s explanation only if he Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику ____________ (to support) it with evidence. At the same time, he was uncertain if Mr Jackson ___________ (to find) it obligatory.

  19. The doctor said Sheila would be haunted by terrible memories if she _____________ (not to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику get) psychiatric help after the accident. However, he didn’t know if she ___________ (to agree) to it.

  20. Gary promised he would give me a хэнд with the job when he ___________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику have) some free time, but he couldn’t say when he ___________ (to have) some free time.



Exercise 13. Reading.

Read the article given below and discuss Dr Skymer’s views on the following points:

  1. saving a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику marriage at all costs;

  2. anger between spouses and its consequences;

  3. the way an unhappy marriage can affect people’s health;

  4. behavioral problems of children whose parents have got divorced.



All That Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику’s Left Is

A BAND OF GOLD

Dr Skymer is sharing his views on marriage and divorce.

California, as we all know, is a land prone to earthquakes, in which the ground Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику shifts beneath one’s feet and one is likely to lose one’s bearings. Luckily for us, such physical events do not extend far beyond that state and we learn about disasters only through news Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику bulletins. But the US, and California in particular, is a major source of dramatic psychological movements which first shake that country and then sweep eastward towards Europe. The energy of these Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику waves may be diminished by the Atlantic crossing, but Britain absorbs the main impact. Even after the resulting waves arrive here, social changes have continuing effects in the US, extreme changes Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику often generating a backlash or antidote which arrives here later.

Marriage and the family may have begun to come apart in the US earlier than in Britain, but the first reports of Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику an antidote to family breakdown – family therapy – were coming ashore in the fifties when Dr Skymer was training, though he did not feel bold enough to get his feet wet and try it himself Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику until 1962.

A recent swing of the pendulum in the USA, still taking place, is moving not only public but professional opinion away from divorce towards the view that marriages should, if at Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику all possible, be sustained for the sake of the children, even at the cost of the continued unhappiness of the spouses.

No doubt these changes will affect us too as the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику waves arrive, but in Britain nobody has reached any conclusions yet. Recent research in Britain compared those children whose parents had divorced and those whose parents had sustained an unhappy Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику relationship. It found that in those families where the parents had split up, half of the behavioral problems of the boys, and some of the girls were present before the divorce.

Even in the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику US, some experts are not following the new tide. John Gottman and other researchers suggest that children from intact homes where there is high conflict do worse in the long Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику run than children of divorced parents, though the latter may appear more disturbed in the early years after the break-up.

Dr Skymer outlined in the previous article Gottman’s claims to be able to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику predict the future success or failure of marriages with extraordinary accuracy, by observation of simple reactions such as the rise in heart rate and blood pressure during arguments.

His Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику research has now led to some further interesting conclusions, and he challenges the commonly held view that couples who fight all the time and those who avoid conflict at any cost are the ones Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику more at risk of marital failure. He found that in many happy marriages the commonly expressed view that men are less emotionally expressive than women did not apply. His research Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику also suggests that anger between spouses is not harmful except when it is accompanied by more lethal emotions like contempt and disgust; indeed, ‘blunt, straightforward anger seemed to immunize marriages against deterioration… . Disagreements and Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику fights seem necessary in some degree in all good marriages, and avoidance of confrontation often results in avoidance of intimacy.’

Marriages, he says, ‘seem to thrive on, proportionally, a little negativity and a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику lot of positivity’. As for divorce, it is an unpalatable truth that some marriages cannot and should not be saved.

‘Not only do partners of toxic marital interaction keep the body Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику in a state of unhealthy physical arousal, they create a psychological climate of helpless misery. These bone-deep states of arousal can no longer be controlled. Not only is it fatuous to suggest Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику they just ‘try harder’ at this juncture, it may even be bad for their health – witness our data suggesting that staying in a hostile, distant marriage actually compromises the immune system Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, increasing susceptibility to illness.’

(From ‘Advanced Masterclass’ SB by T.Aspinall and A.Capel)


Revision

Supply the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

1.

It’s summer. A man is out Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику for a quiet walk. He (1) _______ (to walk) along a country road and he (2) __________ (to mind) his own business when he (3) ____________ (to knock down) and seriously (4) _____________ (to injure) by a minivan. The man Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, a writer of thrillers and horror fiction, (5) _________ (to survive) but he (6) ___________ (to become) obsessed with the vehicle that maimed him. He doesn’t bear a grudge against the driver. Instead, he (7) _________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику buy) the minivan and (8) __________ (to hide) it.

This sounds like the plot of a Stephen King thriller, but it is in fact the latest chapter in the writer’s real life. King has bought Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the van and he (9) ______________ (to intend) to take a sledge hammer to it. At present King (10) ____________ (to recover) from his injuries at home, where he (11) __________ (to suffer) from a broken hip, a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику fractured leg and a collapsed lung. The story is like the plot of his novel ‘Thinner’ (written several years previously), in which the victim’s family (12) ___________ (to put) a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику curse on the driver. King, however, (13) ___________ (to demand) only the withdrawal of the driver’s license. As for the minivan, we do not know if King actually (14) ____________ (to carry out) his revenge or if Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику he simply (15) ____________ (to hatch) the plot for a new novel!

(From “Advanced Learner’s Grammar” by M.Foley)

2.

I must admit that Maria’s English (1) ____________ (to improve) every day. Three weeks ago Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику she managed to book us on to the Portsmouth to Santander ferry at the local travel agent’s.

The night before we (2) _____________ (mod.v./leave) she rang me up to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику remind me to be on time. “Don’t forget the train (3) ___________ (to leave) at 7.35 and if we (4) _________ (to miss) that, we (5) ___________ (to miss) the ferry too!” she said. “Of course I (6) __________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику be) there on time,” I replied, somewhat annoyed. “You are the one who always (7) _______________ (to turn up) late.”

Surprisingly, we both arrived at the station in time to catch the train. We Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (8) ____________ (to sit) on the train for about ten minutes when we realised, to our horror, that it (9) _________ (to go) in the wrong direction! We got off at the next station where a ticket Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику seller informed us that there (10) _________ (not to be) another train to Portsmouth until 8.45. We explained that we (11) _____________ (mod.v./catch) the ferry at 10 o’clock. “Well, if I (12) _________ (to be) you,” he Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику said, “I (13) ______ (to catch) the coach. That should get you to Portsmouth before the ferry (14) ____________ (to sail). But you will have to hurry. It (15) ___________ (to leave) the bus station in about five minutes Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику!”

We shot off like lightning despite the heavy rucksacks on our backs and jumped on the coach just as the driver (16) ________ (to shut) the doors. We just (17) ____________ (to collapse) in our seats with Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a sigh of relief, when the driver announced, ‘Sorry everyone, but the motorway still (18) ___________ (to repair) so we (19) _____________ (not to get) to Portsmouth until 9.45.’

We groaned in despair. That gave us Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику only 15 minutes to get to the ferry terminal. We arrived at Portsmouth bus station at 9.40 and jumped straight into a taxi. “The ferry terminal and please hurry,” I shouted, “or it (20) _____________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику go) before we (21) ___________ (to get) there!”

To our astonishment, the taxi driver calmly switched off the engine and turned round. “You (22) _____________ (not to hear)?” he said, smiling. “The ferry workers Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику came on strike last night!”

“Oh no!” I cried in disbelief. “If only I (23) ___________ (to listen) to the news this morning!”

(From “Фокус on Advanced English Grammar” by R.Walton)

3.

Dear student,

Thank Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику you for your help in organizing the recent International Day.

As you know, this was the first event of its kind which (1) _____ (to hold) in the college. If we (2) ____________ (mod.v Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику./hold) similar events in the future, we (3) __________ (mod.v./assess) how successful the day proved to be and to take note of any problems which (4) ____________ (to occur) . We also (5) __________________ (to consider) the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику possibility of (6) _____ (to increase) the budget available for future events.

I (7) ____________ (to be) grateful if you (8) ____________ (mod.v./carry) a survey amongst the students who attended the event and prepare a short report on Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику their reactions. Please include some general recommendations (9) __________ (to base) on your findings.

Your help in this matter (10) ______________ (to appreciate).

R. Dearing

Principal

4.

^ High Stakes

Few people in the world of high finance (1) __________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику hear) of Marc Colombo. There was no reason why they (2) ______________ (mod.v./do). He was a mere foreign exchange dealer, at the Lloyd’s Bank in Lugano, Switzerland. But in 1994, Colombo мейд headlines around Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the world (3) __________ (to leave) hard-headed money experts open-mouthed in amazement. Lloyd’s announced that ‘irregularities’ (4) ___________ (to cost) the bank a staggering $32 million. What the 28-year-old Colombo (5) ______________ (to be) up to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику? And how he (6) _______________ (to get) away with it?

Colombo (7) _____________ (to watch) the world’s leading currencies change their values on the foreign exchange markets. He decided to buy 34 million US dollars Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику with Swiss franks in three months’ time. If, as he expected, it (8) ____________ (to turn out) that the dollar was worth less when the time (9) ______ (to come) to settle, he (10) _____________ (to make Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) a handsome profit. But the dollar’s value did not tumble. It went up. And Colombo lost $1 million.

Consequently, he increased his stake, and went for double or nothing. Without Lloyd’s (11) ___________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику suspect) a thing, he set up transactions totaling $4,580 million in just nine months. At first he (12) ____________ (to bet) that the dollar (13) ____________ (to lose) value. It did not. So he switched to gambling that Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику it (14) ____________ (to go on) rising. It did not.

(From “Advanced Gold Coursebook” by R.Acklam)

5.

Dear Sally,

This is just to let you know that I (1) ______________ (to find) out about possible summer Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику jobs here at the magazine.

Firstly, you (2) ______________ (mod.v./write) a letter to the Editor (Susan Penshaw) (3) ______________ (to explain) that you (4) ______________ (to look for) a job over the University holiday period Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. It’s probably a good idea to mention my name and mention that I said you (5) ______________ (mod.v./write) to her. Tell her about your university course and also that Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику you do the спорт bit for the student newspaper.

(6) ______________ (to explain (emphasized) that you are really interested in getting into this area after university and this (7) ____________ (to give) you a great chance to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику learn. Emphasize you can work almost any hour they want and that you don’t mind (8) _____________ (to do) any kind of job.

Make sure you (9) __________ (to tell) her how to get Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику hold of you. I really hope that it all works out!

Love,

Renzo


Dear Ms Penshaw,

I (10) ______________ (to write) to enquire whether you (11) _______________ (mod.v./have) any vacancies for temporary employment at your magazine for the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику summer period? I actually (12) _______________ (to write) at the suggestion of Renzo Grace (an old family friend).

I currently (13) _________________ (to do) a degree in English at Manchester University and I also (14) ___________ (to write Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) a regular sports column for the student newspaper.

A should say that I seriously (15) _______________ (to consider) (16) _____________ (to do) a course in journalism after my BA and I feel this (17) _____________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику provide) me with some valuable experience. I (18) ______________ (to be) extremely flexible in terms of my hours of availability and I am quite willing to take any type of work you (19) ____________ (mod Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику.v./mod.v.) to offer.

I can (20) ____________ (to contact) at the above address for the next four weeks.

Please let me know if you require any further information.

Yours sincerely,

Sally Breath


6.

^ Looking after Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Our Heritage

You (1) ______________ (to care) if the Parthenon in Athens (2) ___________ (to vanish) forever? Or if someone (3) ___________ (to decide) to tear down Rome’s Coliseum? The question seems too absurd. Of course, you (4) ____________ (to care Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику). Most people have no wish to see the remains of past civilizations (5) _________________ (to destroy or to mutilate). Yet this is precisely what already (6) _________ (to happen) to numerous ancient buildings all Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику over the world. The future of many more is, to say the least, uncertain. The threat comes from many quarters – rain and floods, frosts and stone diseases, earthquakes, war and thoughtless destruction by Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику bulldozers and other instruments of what we like to call progress. It’s easy to blame past generations, who so often regarded classical monuments as convenient piles of ready-made building blocks. But Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику we (7) ______________ (to contribute) our share. The Parthenon, for example, (8) ____________ (to suffer) from aerial assault of rock-eating fumes (9) _________ (to emit) by chimneys and cars. Sadly, some generations seem to be totally indifferent to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику their heritage. Tourists (10) ___________ (to break off) ‘bits of old stone’ to take home as souvenirs.

Happily, there are some examples of conservation. A large army of dedicated archeologists and Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику other enthusiasts actively (11) _______________ (to engage) in the task of protecting and restoring the masterpieces of earlier civilizations. More, much more, needs (12) ___________ (to do). Tourism, now one of the largest industries in the world, plays an Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику important role in this. It is fashionable these days to portray it as a negative force and, of course, some criticism (13) ____________ (to justify). But there is another side of the story Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. Our interest in antiquities (14) ______________ (to help) to conserve much of what otherwise (15) _______________ (mod.v./lose). It (16) ____________ (to make) politicians and local inhabitants aware that their ruins have economic value. The entrance Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику money (17) _________ (to pay) by tourists to enter archeological sites, or to visit museums (18) _____________ (to contribute) to their preservation and upkeep.

(From “Advanced English CAE” by Sue O’Connell)

7.

Business Affairs

Jeff Weaver knew it Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (1) ______________ (to be) a tough meeting. A year ago he (2) ______________ (to regard) as the company’s rising star in the export department, signing contracts for massive orders from state-run companies in Lavania. It Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику looked as if he (3) _____________ (to save) the company’s fortunes. But all that was before the collapse of the Lavanian economy and the inevitable non-payment of most invoices.

The Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику managing director, Derek Robinson, (4) ___________ (to decide) to hold an extraordinary meeting. Jeff was now about (5) ___________ (to ask) to give a detailed explanation of the disaster.

Mr Robinson coughed. “Right then, everyone. I Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику’m sure you are well aware of the reason for this meeting. So without further preambles, I (6) ____________ (to call) on Mr Weaver who, I hope, will be able to put our minds at Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику rest about this worrying state of affairs.”

Jeff stood up and decided to go on the attack. “Thank you, Mr Robinson. First of all, I must admit that many mistakes (7) ________________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику make) over the past twelve months – but not just by me! I think it’s clear that I (8) ______________ (to use) as a shield to protect a number of more senior colleagues, who (9) ______________ (mod.v Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику./have) the courage to assume some responsibility for this mess. In particular, my immediate superior Georgina Bunyon, who (10) _____________ (to use) this crisis as a way of (11) ________________ (to have / I / to remove Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) from the company!”

Everyone turned to look at Georgina, who (12) ___________ (to clench) her fists and (13) _____________ (to glare) pointedly at Jeff.

“No one (14) _____________ (mod.v./predict) the collapse of the Lavanian economy Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. However, to avoid further embarrassment, I (15) ______________ (to decide) to resign.” And with this, Jeff marched out of the meeting.

Two months later, Jeff and Georgina (16) ____________ (to sit) (17) ___________ (to look) at Lake Como Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику from the terrace of a beautiful villa which they just (18) ____________ (to buy) with part of what they called their ‘Lavanian fund.’

“Any regrets, darling?” asked Georgina.

“Only one,” said Jeff, smiling Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. “I wish we (19) ___________ (to take) twice as much!”

(From “Advanced English CAE” by Sue O’Connell)

8.

Shining Example or White Elephant?

The new university hospital, which the Health Minister Victoria Pulley has described Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику as a ‘shining example’ to hospitals all over the country, (1) _____________ (to be) open now for over six months. (2) _______________ (to hear) several less than complimentary comments about the organisation and efficiency of the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику place, I decided to see for myself. Before (3) __________ (to go) there, I (4) ___________ (to arrange) with my local GP (5) __________ (to have) some routine blood tests for anemia.

In spite of arriving early Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (7.15 a.m.!) I found there (6) ______ (to be) already long queues at the reception desk. As I (7) ______________ (to wait), I looked around, and I have to admit it (8) ________ (to be) an impressive building Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, large and light with polished marble (9) __________ (to shine) everywhere. Eventually my turn came and I presented my doctor’s letters to the receptionist, who informed me that I (10) ___________ (to be) in the X-ray Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику queue and I (11) ____________ (to have) to go to another queue and start again! I couldn’t believe it and asked her if it (12) ___________ (to be) possible to give me an appointment card anyway Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику without (13) ___________ (to make) me (14) ________ (to queue) up again. She informed me it (15) _________ (to be) no good (16) __________ (to argue) with her and I (17) _______________ (mod.v./read) the sign, an almost invisible Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику piece of card (18) ___________ (to say) ‘X-rays’ in front of her where very few people could see it. No matter how hard I tried to persuade her, she (19) _____________ (not to give (refusal) me an Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику appointment card for a blood test, so I started queuing again and finally got the card at 8.30! I then set off for the blood test room, following the nice Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику new signs until they suddenly stopped and I realised I (20) ____________ (to be) in a part of the hospital that (21) ______________ (not to finish) yet! When I got to the door I saw a notice (22) ________ (to say Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) ‘Back in 10 minutes’. I sat down and (23) ___________ (to wait) for 30 minutes before a doctor appeared and told me to come in without, of course, (24) _____________ (to apologise) for keeping me (25) ____________ (to wait Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику). I asked him why I (26) ____________ (to have) to wait and he explained he (27) _____________ (to have) to help out in another ward which (28) ______________ (to understaff) as a result of a flu Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику epidemic among doctors!

I got out of the hospital at 9.45 and breathed a sigh of relief. I now (29) ___________ (to wait) for the results.

So, Mrs Pulley, a far from a rosy picture Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику! Certainly the public (30) _____________ (mod.v./be) under no illusions that things (31) _____________ (to change) for the better. Perhaps you (32) _____________ (mod.v./visit) the hospital as an anonymous out-patient rather than a government minister Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику if you really want to know what it is like, unless, as I suspect, you don’t actually care that much!

(From “Фокус on Advanced English CAE Grammar Practice” by R.Walton)

9.

The Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Schoolboy Spy

On the evening of April 15, 2004, six American special agents sat in a concrete basement at a secret air base (1) _______ (to wait) for an attack. Their unseen and unknown enemy Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику for weeks (2) _______________ (to travel) across the Pentagon network computers, (3) ___________ (to crack) security codes and (4) _____________ (to download) secret files. Defense officials feared the infiltrator (5) _________ (to be) a foreign agent. They (6) _____________ (to monitor) his movements in Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a desperate effort to trace him down.

He first (7) ______________ (to spot) by systems manager at the Griffiss air base in New York State. He (8) __________ (to breach) the security system and (9) __________ (to use) assumed Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику computer identities to attack sites, including NASA.

This wasn’t the first time a ‘cyber attack’ (10) ___________ (to trace). The American military (11) _____________ (to prepare) for this type of warfare for years and (12) ________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику have) a new kind of agents to fight back against the infiltrator.

Pentagon generals insisted it (13) ___________ (to be) essential that he (14) ________________ (to find) and demanded he (15) _______________ (to put) out Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of action immediately. But for the threat he presented, it (16) __________ (to be) relatively simple to shut him out of the Pentagon network, but then he (17) ______________ (to attack) again – and his identity and the information he Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику already (18) __________ (to steal) (19) _______________ (to remain) unknown. Thus it was ordered that American cyber agents (20) _____________ (to continue) chasing him through the electronic maze.

But how? A computer gives its own address in the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику first few bites of any communication and the agents tried (21) _________ (to trace) Datastream Cowboy’s path backwards. However, he (22) _____________ (not to give) them a single chance since he (23) _____________ (to be) in Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику operation, for his path was simply too long. The agents almost gave up hope. Then old-fashioned police work (24) _____________ (to bring) into play. In the cyber age, where hackers (25) ______________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику hang out)? On the Internet, of course. They constantly (26) _________ (to chat) with each other through their screens. The agents had informers who cruised the Internet and one of them мейд a breakthrough. Before Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику long, the informant (27) ____________ (to establish) that Datastream Cowboy (28) ___________ (to live) in the United Kingdom and he (29) ____________ (to trace) to a house in a cul-de-sac in Colindale, part of the anonymous north London Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику suburbs. In cold war days it (30) ___________ (to be) a classic address for a spy’s hideaway.

(31) _____________ (to identify) his location, the agents found that the hacker first (32) ___________ (to dial) into Bogota, the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Colombian capital, and then (33) _________ (to use) a free phone line from there to hack his way into the military sites.

Detectives were cautious, however, about making an immediate arrest Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику because they wanted Datastream Cowboy (34) ___________ (to catch) in the act.

(35) ___________ (to pose) as a courier, one of the agents knocked on the door. As it (36) __________ (to open) by a middle-aged man Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, eight policemen silently appeared and swept into the house. The officers quietly searched the downstairs and the first floor. Then, (37) ___________ (to creep) up the stairs to a loft room, they saw a teenager Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (38) ____________ (to tap) frantically away on the keyboard of his computer. They (39) ______________ (to find) Datastream Cowboy.

For 16-year-old Richard Price, a music student, it was the shock of his life. “They thought they Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (40) ___________ (to find) a super-criminal and they just found me, a teenager (41) ______ (to play) around on his computer,” says Price now. “My mother (42) ____________ (to notice) people (43) _________ (to sit) outside our house Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a few days before, but I didn’t think much of it. I never (44) ___________ (to think) I (45) ____________ (to catch) and it was very disturbing when they (46) ____________ (to catch (emphasized) me. It Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику just (47) ___________ (to be) a game or a challenge from which I got a real buzz.”

(From “Advanced Gold Coursebook” by R.Acklam)

10.

Asteroid Attack

It was just very recently that astronomers warned that a large Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику asteroid, (1) _________ (to know) as 1997XF11, (2) _________ (mod.v./hit) the Earth in the year 2028 and cause a global catastrophe. So, just how concerned we (3) ____________ (mod.v./be) about this?

First of all, we need Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to understand exactly what asteroids are. Today most scientists believe that the asteroids are fragments (4) __________ (to leave) over from material that failed (5) ______ (to fuse) together millions of years ago when the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику planets of the solar system (6) _____________ (to form). NASA estimates that 1,000 to 4,000 asteroids larger than half a mile in diameter cross the Earth’s orbit. Of these, scientists (7) _________ (to identify) 108 PHOs (Potentially Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Hazardous Objects) which (8) ________ (mod.v./pose) a threat to mankind.

The danger actually arises from the kinetic energy (9) ______ (to release) when one of these asteroids, (10) __________ (to travel) at speeds around 45,000 miles Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику per hour, enters the Earth’s atmosphere. In fact, 140 large asteroids (11) ___________ (to believe) (12) ______________ (to hit) the Earth since it (13) _____________ (to form).

For example, in 1908, a fragment of ice (14) ___________ (to weigh) around 100,000 tons exploded Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику above the sparsely inhabited Tunguska region in Siberia, (15) ____________ (to release) a fireball with 2,000 times the force of the Hiroshima bomb. This resulted in an area of 1,000 square kilometers (16) _____________ (to flatten). In 1994 a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику meteor (17) _________ (to skim) through the Earth’s atmosphere (18) __________ (to spot) by US spy satellites and mistakenly (19) ___________ (to identify) as a possible nuclear missile.

According to NASA scientists, the chances of (20) ________ (to kill) directly or Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику indirectly by an asteroid are greater than the chances of (21) ____________ (to kill) by wild animals, fire works, terrorist bombs and airline hijackers. In fact, Dr Victor Club, an astrophysicist at Oxford University Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, says that civilizations have a good chance of (22) ____________ (to devastate) every 3,000 to 4,000 years. In theory, however, a potentially dangerous asteroid millions of miles away would only need a small push Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (23) ______________ (to divert) into a safer orbit, for example, a nuclear warhead (24) __________ (to detonate) just off its surface.

(From “Advanced Gold Coursebook” by R.Acklam)

11.

Back-Chat

Recent research (1) ___________ (to conduct) for British Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Telecom reveals that in the so-called age of technology, a staggering 45% of people feel ill at ease when (2) __________ (to talk) to answering machines. And a further 30% of those (3) ____________ (to question) actually admitted (4) ___________ (to rehearse Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) what they wanted to say before (5) _________ (to make) a call.

Top psychologist Dr David Lewis (6) ___________ (to examine) what lies behind the problem that appears to be peculiar to Britons, and now offers Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику some solution. Logic points to the British typically reserved nature as the main reason for their lack of confidence when (7) __________ (to face) with answering machines. Their American cousins certainly Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику have no trouble (8) __________ (to talk) to machines. 14% of Americans have answering machines against two or three per cent in the UK. Yet even though there is still a small number of actual owners Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику , a third of those (9) __________ (to question) admitted they (10) ____________ (to find) it useful to have an answering machine at home.

Dr Lewis (11) ___________ (to look) at the phenomenon in some depth. He (12) ____________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику identify) six main fears which make talking to answering machines difficult, and (13) _____________ (to come) with some helpful tips on how to overcome them.

Technophobia (14) ______________ (to experience) by people who have an inherent fear of Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику machines of all types. Technophobes easily (15) _____________ (mod.v./identify) by conversations which develop in this way: “Hello, oh no, don’t tell me I’m talking to a machine … call Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику me back.”

To help those sufferers Dr Lewis recommends (16) _______ (to plan) messages carefully when you need (17) __________ (to make) a call. If you (18) ____________ (to catch) unawares ring off, write down key points – and redial Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. You must be sure (19) ___________ (to give) your name, phone number, the date and the time as well as a brief message.

Some people have problems with answering machines because they need Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику constant feedback during a conversation. (20) ____________ (to deny) this kind of reassuring response, they tend (21) ____________ (to lose) the thread of their conversation. To overcome the problem, Dr Lewis suggests (22) _____________ (to practice) by speaking into Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a tape recorder.

Other people encounter difficulties with machines because they need time to warm up to a conversation. This applies to tough calls as well as casual chats. Again, by planning calls, trouble Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (23) ___________ (mod.v./avoid) . The message (24) _____________ (mod.v./keep) short and simple and you always (25) ______________ (mod.v./include) an action which you want (26) _________ (to take), such as ‘call me back’.

The Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику element of time pressure can cause problems for some. In this instance Dr Lewis suggests (27) ___________ (to imagine) the person you want to talk to. He also recommends (28) _____ (to write) down what you intend Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (29) __________ (to say) until you become used to (30) __________ (to speak) to answering machines.

The realisation that mistakes you make (31) __________ (to record) on tape (32) ____________ (mod.v./make) people nervous. This is most likely (33) ___________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику occur) in those with little confidence. Dr Lewis recommends (34) _______ (to assess) your performance and (35) _________ (to give) yourself positive feedback after leaving a message. Concern over errors can be a real fear and Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику is especially likely in people who always need (36) ____________ (to assure) that facts and figures fully (37) _____________ (to understand).

(From “Фокус on Advanced English CAE Practice Tests” be Sue O’Connell)

12.

Top Floor Flat Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, 25 St Helen’s Road

Dear Mr Stubs,

I recently (1) _____________ (to move) into the above property and I (2) ____________ (to write) to inform you of a number of problems which require urgent attention. Although Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику my brother visited the flat on my behalf, he obviously (3) _________ (not to warn) about these problems and, if they (4) _____________ (to point out) to him, he certainly (5) ____________ (not to sign) the rental agreement.

The Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику most important problems are the gas cooker, which (6) ____________ (to appear) (7) __________ (to have) a gas leak and therefore presents a potentially serious safety hazard, and a broken window pane which needs Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (8) __________ (to replace) for reasons of security. In addition, the carpet in the living room needs (9) ___________ (to clean), and there is also a tap in the kitchen which drips continually.

I trust you (10) __________ (to do) the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику necessary repairs without delay. If not, I will have no alternative but (11) _________ (to contact) the local council.

Yours sincerely …


13.

By the time we reached the town center it (1) _________ (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику pack) with people (2) _________________ (to get / their shopping / to do). Trees decorated with coloured lights blinked at every corner and if I (3) ____________ (not to know) about the centenary celebrations, I (4) _____________ (to think) it was Christmas. Banners Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (5) _____________ (to stretch) across the streets (6) _____________ (to proclaim) ‘MARSHLAND NEW TOWN -–THE FIRST HUNDRED YEARS’, – as if the shoppers (7) _________ (to need) (8) ___________ (to remind). Nothing else (9) _____________ (to talk) of in the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику town for weeks. Committees (10) _____________ (to form), and every day more and more money (11) ____________ (to collect) by local schoolchildren (12) ____________ (to sell) flags and buttons. Posters printed with the words ‘Long Live Marshland’ dangled from Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику every lamp post. If I (13) __________ (not to see) it with my own eyes, I never (14) _____________ (to believe) it. And but for the mayor, Mrs Biggs, the centenary (15) ________ (to pass) unnoticed.

(From “Advanced Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику Language Practice” by M.Vince)

14.

Booking Conditions

  1. Reservations.

Reservations (1) _____________ (mod.v./make) through your travel agent, at least 14 days in advance. Late bookings, up to three days in advance (2) ______________ (mod.v./accept) but are subject Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to availability of accommodation and flights. We suggest that late bookings (3) _______________ (to accompany) by full payment to expedite preparation of travel documents.

  1. Visas.

Tour participants (4) ______________ (mod.v./ensure) that they comply with Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику all visa and health requirements of countries they intend to visit. If in doubt, tour participants (5) ____________ (to advise) to consult their travel agent.

  1. Amendments.

Tour itineraries (6) ______________ (mod.v./extend) in duration Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику and additional sightseeing tours (7) _________ (mod.v./include). Please ask your travel agent for extra night rates and Optional Tour prices. All modifications and extensions (8) ____________ (mod.v./make) at the time Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of booking. Changes мейд after travel documents (9) _____________ (to issue) are subject to an amendment fee of US$50. No changes (10) __________ (to make) after departure.

(From “Фокус on Advanced English CAE Practice Tests” be Sue O Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику’Connell)

15.

Some people always have good advice to give you, but only after the event. You (1) ____________ (mod.v./come) across the type, who somehow always know what you (2) ____________ (mod.v./do Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) when it (3) _____________ (to become) too late. By now I (4) ____________ (mod.v./spot) them a mile off. It must be because I (5) ____________ (to have) so much practice. Last week, for example, I (6) _____________ (mod Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику.v./take) my car to the garage because the lights (7) _____________ (not to work). It was an expensive job, but I decided I (8) __________ (mod.v./pay) to get it over quickly. “You (9) _______________ (mod.v Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику./tell) me,” said a friend when I (10) __________ (to tell) him how much I (11) ___________ (to pay). “I (12) _________ (to fix) it for you. Then you (13) _______________ (not to waste) so much money.” You can imagine how Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику I felt. _____ I (14) _______ (to turn) to him for help, he probably (15) _______ (to make) a mess of the job, and I (16) _____________ (to end up) paying more. But it (17) ___________ (to seem (emphasized) strange that Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику everyone else (18) ___________ (to know) exactly what I (19) _______________ (mod.v./do).

(From “Advanced Language Practice” by M.Vince)

16.

Starting your own business (1) ______________ (mod.v./be) the way to achieve financial independence, or it Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику just as well (2) _______________ (mod.v./land) you in debt for the rest of your life. That, at least, is the view of Charles and Brenda Leggett, a Scottish couple, who Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику last week saw their fish farm business (3) _________ (to put) into the hands of the receiver. “We started the business in 1998 when everyone (4) _____________ (to encourage) by the banks to borrow money. At the time we Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику were sure that we (5) ______________ (mod.v./make) it into a going concern,” said Charles Leggett, a farmer from the Highlands, “and the banks lent us more or less what we Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику asked for. Their people analyzed the proposal we put forward, and they agreed that it (6) ____________ (to be) a highly profitable business.” Sure enough, within five years the Leggetts (7) _________ (to export) trout and salmon products Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to hotels all over Europe, and employed over fifty staff. But with the advent of recession, they began to lose ground as orders dried out. “The awful thing is,” said Brenda Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, “that now the business (8) ___________ (to value) by the banks at a fraction of its true worth. If they (9) _______ (to leave) us to work our way out of our difficulties, I Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику am sure we (10) ___________ (to go) back into profit. As it is, we (11) _______________ (to leave) without a livelihood, and the banks (12) _________________ (not to recover) what they lent us." The Leggetts both felt that their banks (13) ___________ (not Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to treat) them fairly. “They (14) _____________ (to fall) over themselves to lend us the money, but they (15) _________ (to do) very little to keep the business (16) __________ (to go).” A spokesman for the main Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику bank concerned, the National Caledonia, refused to comment.

(From “Advanced Language Practice” by M.Vince)

17.

Choose the correct word.

  1. Does this flight go direct/directly or is there a stopover Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику?

  2. Many of the senior staff are right/rightly concerned about their pensions.

  3. There’s been a lot of talk about European integration late/lately.

  4. Our new cell phones fit easy/easily into an Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику average-sized pocket.

  5. The path leads straight/straightly to the front door.

  6. Animals are now able to wander free/freely through the game reserve.

  7. In late spring the gulls nest high/highly on the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику cliff.

  8. The remains of the Spanish galleon lie deep/deeply under the ocean.

  9. Jackson came pretty close/closely to winning the last race.

  10. You’ll never get better if Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику you don’t eat – you’ve hard/hardly touched your dinner.

  11. In the Denver play-offs the Miami team did really good/well.

  12. Some of these kids drive their cars too fast/fastly.

  13. They’ll Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику never get over their dead/deadly quarrel.

  14. Curare is a dead/deadly poison.


18.

Susan Walker knocked at the door (1) light/lightly and entered the room. James was sitting (2) silent/silently Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику at the dinner table. He looked (3) moody/moodily. Susan was (4) dead/deadly certain he was going to say something (5) unpleasant/unpleasantly. It was (6) good/well that she knew him so (7) good Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику/well. When he seemed so (8) calm/calmly and quiet/quietly it meant that he felt (9) miserable/ miserably. They have been living (10) happy/happily for 3 years, but something has gone (11) wrong/wrongly (12) late/lately.

S Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику: Do you feel (13) low/lowly, James?

J: It is (14) wrong/wrongly put, my love. I feel (15) dead/deadly tired and (16) awful/awfully upset. I feel (17) terrible/terribly.

S: I’m (18) terrible/terribly sorry Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику. But why? I can (19) hard/hardly understand. What’s going on?

J: Think (20) hard/hardly. I’ll (21) high/highly appreciate that.

S: Well, something must be wrong. Did I get Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику you (22) right/rightly?

J: Can I speak to you (23) free/freely and (24) direct/directly?

S: Of course.

J: That suits me (25) fine/finely. Will you answer (26) honest/honestly?

S: Well, I’m (27) most Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику/mostly honest, but not all the time, I must admit. Have I done something (28) wrong/wrongly?

J: See what I’ve found (29) right/rightly in the middle of your bedroom Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику.

(Her eyes opened (30) wide/widely as she saw the object in his хэнд, and then she began to laugh (31) happy/happily.)

J: I’m (32) deep/deeply hurt by your reaction. Remember that our family Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику is (33) high/highly respectable.

S: Well, I think (34) high/highly of you, James, but …

(He cut her (35) short/shortly.)

J: I’ll be (36) most/mostly grateful to you if you don’t Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику interrupt! Examine it (37) close/closely and think (38) hard/hardly. Is it your lover’s gift? Have you been cheating on me?

S: You (39) right/rightly assumed that it is a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику gift, but you (40) wrong/wrongly suspect that I’ve been cheating on you. It is my grandmother’s ring, and I thought I had lost it. I was (41) terrible/terribly upset at first Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, but then I thought: (42) “Easy/easily come, (43) easy/easily go.” But jealousy is a (44) dead/deadly poison, James, and I can’t stand it any more. I’m leaving you (45) right/rightly now.

(His Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику mouth opened (46) wide/widely with surprise.)

J: Take it (47) easy/easily, Susan! It doesn’t look (48) serious/seriously.

S: I’m talking to you quite (49) serious/seriously, and I’ll be Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику seeing my lawyer (50) short/shortly about the divorce.


Face 2 Face Advanced

Word List


Unit 1=9

SB p.86 (1) Price, cost, cost-effective (выгодный, оправдывающий издержки), the cost of living (цена жизни, прожиточный минимум), (to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику be) at half price (идти за полцены), priceless, to cost a fortune,

(3) to raise an issue (поднять вопрос), to reflect sth (отражать что-либо), a current trend (текущая, современная тенденция), to value Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику sth,

SB p.87 to quote a price (назначать стоимость), apparently (по-видимому), to become / be particular about sth (стать/быть разборчивым (привередливым, щепетильным) в чем либо), to spend money on sth, relative (It’s Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику all relative. (Все это относительно), a term (термин), an activity (деятельность, действие), to do research, a top priority for sb (первоочередная задачка, цель), affluence (достаток, достояние), affluent (богатый, обеспеченный), to have Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a fat bank account (иметь огромные средства в банке)

WB p.44 (1a) to be reasonably priced (reasonable prices)

(1b) to admit sth, to be worth sth (стоить), a discount,

(2) eventually (в Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику конце концов), to have much in common, (I) can afford it,

WB (3) p.45 to pay an extra fee, It’s up to you,

(4) to have doubts about sth (иметь сомнения по поводу чего-либо), to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику invest sth, an inheritance

WB p.46 (3) to waste resources, significant (значимый), to participate in sth,

WB p.46 (4) to transfer money into an account, (5) to go bankrupt,

WB p.47 (6) to be tight-fisted Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (жадный, прижимистый),

SB p.90 to purchase sth, goods, a means (метод, средство) of doing sth (both singl & plural), within, to dispute sth, to make a payment, a transaction, a prediction Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (to predict), to require sth, an error in sth, to eliminate sth, to commit fraud, theft, to reduce sth, to collect (a fee), a (credit card) statement, to gain (popularity), to be suspicious Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of sth, on the contrary.


Unit 2 = 1

SB p.6 essential, on average, to come into contact with sb, on the whole, gossip, a politician, to have reason to do sth,

SB p.7 to be limited Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to …, an indication of sth, demand (спрос),

SB p.148 (R1.1) obvious, self-evident (само собой разумеющийся, не требующий доказательств), to have a point, to be fed up with, to pay Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику attention to sb, to encourage sb to do sth (вдохновлять, поощрять), whatsoever, to make an impression on sb, to force sb to do sth, a quote (цитата),

WB p.4 (1) to accuse Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику sb of sth, arrogant (заносчивый, высокомерный, нахальный), to annoy sb, to do sth with the best of intentions, stressful, to go too far, embarrassing (to embarrass), to get on with sb, to avoid doing sth

WB Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику p.4 (2) a deadline,

WB p.5 (4) to be halfway through (сделать половину чего-либо), profitable,

WB p.5 (3) to establish sth, a lack of sth, to fail to do sth, genuinely (поистине, неподдельно Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику) (interested),

WB p.6 (2) on a regular basis (часто, на постоянной базе), rather than, apart from sth (кроме), frequently, in the long run,

SB p.8 to run low on sth, a society Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, to behave towards (strangers), to pretend, to be on the increase, a study (исследование), to suggest that … (указывать на то, что …, означать, гласить о кое-чем), to appoint sb (назначать кого-то Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику),

SB p.10 out of fashion (in fashion), to help sb out (выручить кого-либо), to tend to do sth, to substitute sth for sth (поменять что-либо на что-либо), to substitute sth Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику with sth (поменять что-то кое-чем), on purpose, to acquire sth/sb, to be on good terms with sb, to get out of control, to do sth out of necessity, to last Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, a commitment, an obligation, to depend on sth, to depend on sb for sth (полагаться на кого-то), to put pressure on sb, to argue that …


Unit 3 = 6

WB p.6 (1) to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику be common for sb, a clue to sth (ключ к решению, разгадке …),

(2) to deal with sth (рассматривать, заниматься решением трудности, иметь дело с …), to break the law, to be prepared to do sth, to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику face the consequences (отвечать, нести ответственность за последствия), literally,

(3) considerably, to deserve sth, to be confident (быть уверенным внутри себя),

SB p.56 dishonest, anti-social behaviour (антиобщественное поведение), a football Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику supporter, a finding (находка, открытие, приобретенные данные), somewhat (до некой степени), a high proportion of sb, to break the speed limit, to suspect sb,

SB p.57 to be unaware of sth Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (не иметь инфы о кое-чем), a volunteer, to involve sth (касаться, затрагивать что-то), despite sth, rather than, sth relating to sth (что-либо, имеющее отношение к …,) , significant(ly), to rate sth (оценивать что Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику-то), to be regarded as sth (рассматриваться как …,), evidence,

WB p.30 (to give to) charity, (an) average (man/woman) (обыденный, средний человек), to concede that (допускать, что …), to affect sth Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (плохо отражаться, наносить вред чему-то), to confirm that … (подтверждать, поддерживать мировоззрение), to represent sth, a contribution (пожертвование, взнос, вклад),

SB p.154 (R6.2) (to plan) a campaign, a few years back Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (пару лет вспять), to imply that … (иметь в виду, что …, косвенно означать),

R6.3 instant(ly) (одномоментно) , a lifestyle (стиль жизни), to promote sth (продвигать, способствовать продвижению продукта),

WB p.31 (1) in leaps and bounds (семимильными шагами Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику), part and parcel of sth (неотъемлемая часть чего-либо), take it or leave it (как хочешь, на чье-либо усмотрение), over and over again (опять и опять), to be sick and tired Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of sth (опротивело, до погибели надоело),

(2) an attitude towards sth (отношение к …), in terms of … (в смысле, исходя из убеждений, в том, что касается …), to abuse sth (злоупотреблять кое-чем), other Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику than (по другому, по-другому),

SB p.60 to be taken in by sth, to be exposed to sth, a return on investment (прибыль на …, доход от финансовложений), creative, to communicate Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику a message, to experiment with sth, innovative, (animal) welfare, forgivable, entertaining(ly) (занятный), resistance to sth, to organize a (спорт) event, fundraising, to raise funds (собирать средства, деньги, фонды), likewise, a consumer.


Unit 4 = 8

SB Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику p.76 (1) to take one’s time (не спешить), for the time being, It’s a matter of time (дело / вопрос времени), to give smb a hard time,

(2) to make a difference, to address Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику an issue (задуматься над / заняться / изучить делему), climate change, How did this come about?

(Text (1) a disaster, global warming, man-made, emission(s), an offender, to work on a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику project, an effect of sth on sth, a basic question

(2) an environmentalist, to ease one’s conscience, to do an audit on …,

SB p. 77 upcoming elections (предстоящие выборы), to be confident that …,

SB Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику p.156 R8.1 extraordinary, elsewhere, to apply for a job, equipment, quality, pollution, to measure sth, to take sth for an answer, to be мейд public, public health, an advisor to sb, to put up with Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику sth

WB p. 39(2) to disapprove of sth, to recycle sth, a shortage of sth, urgent, to be self-employed

^ SB p.80 to cause a disturbance, recovery, mediocre, a challenge, failure to do sth Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику,

SB p.156 R8.2 to refer to sth, cross-cultural (research), to identify sth, to carry out an experiment, to come across sth, to witness sth,

WB p.42 to reduce an impact Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику on sth, the environment, fuel, to have access to sth, a clean water supply, to purify (water), to take responsibility for sth, natural resources


Unit 5 = 7

SB p.66 a (prison) inmate (заключенный Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику), rehabilitation, a citizen, accommodation, a criminal, to serve a (six)-year sentence, a murderer, a fraudster, an inhabitant, a resident, a convict, to treat sb well/badly, a sense of responsibility, staff, an employee Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, to run sth (a business), to set sb apart from …, (to meet) a requirement, an offender (правонарушитель, правонарушитель),

SB p.67 to get one’s own back on sb, to get Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику away with sth, a burglary, to be banned from doing sth,

WB p. 34 (3) speeding, to get a fine, to be released (from prison), without a doubt, to put sb’s/one’s mind Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику at rest (успокоить кого-то, не волноваться), to install an alarm,

WB p.35 (5) to be broke, a bargain,

(6) to convince sb that …, to be halfway through, an only child, to spoil sb,

SB Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику p.155 R7.1 (a) freelance (journalist) (нештатный), to outwit sb, to commit a crime, a kidnapping, (to leave) a trace, (It’s) easier said than done (^ Просто сказать!), evidence, a fingerprint,

R7.2 a Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику (water-tight) alibi (неоспоримое алиби), to obtain sth, a suspect, a violent crime, likelihood, to consider doing sth,

SB p.70 an identity (ID) card, to go online, to give away Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику information, political beliefs (политические убеждения), to keep track of sth, a justifiable cause (обоснованная, легитимная причина), appropriate, to locate sb/sth, to take legal action against … (начать судебное преследование) ,

SB p.155 R7.3 to be Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику harmful to sb, to rule that … (постановлять, что…), rubbish, to charge sb for sth, a certain degree of sth, a tax exemption for sb, bias against … (тенденциозное отношение, предубеждение), to benefit Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику from sth (получать выгоду, пользу),

SB p.72 (1) to warn, to be on one’s way, to rescue sb, a hostage


Unit 6 = 3

SB p. 26 courageous, determined (решительный), meticulous, generous, trusting, thrifty, confident, spontaneous, cautious Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику,

To come top of (the class), to discover that …, to lose out to sb in sth, to cope with sth, distress, to be conscious of sth (ощущать, обдумывать, чувствовать что-либо), a personality Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику,

SB p.27 It follows that …, public recognition, to fall into categories, to suit sb, to dominate sb (подчинять кого-то собственной воле, доминировать),

WB p.14 (2) reckless, obstinate, (at) random Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, to feel embarrassed, timid, impetuous, consequences, arrogant (надменный, заносчивый), to be careful with (money) (быть экономичным с средствами), tight-fisted (жадный, прижимистый),

WB p.17 (5) to give in, an option,

SB p. 109 to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику appreciate sth (ценить, оценивать что-либо по заслугам), to protect against …, to ease (depression/pain) (снять, облегчить боль / депрессию), to reduce / lower the risk of sth, to be likely to …,

SB p. 112 to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику be good for sb (быть полезным для кого-то), in moderation, to suffer from (a disease), to calculate that …,

SB p.115 a wide range of (health benefits), on one’s own Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику,

SB p.116 a piece of research, to contribute to sth (содействовать, способствовать чему-либо), to extend one’s life,

SB p.32 a senior citizen, to be behind the times, to be getting on (стареть), to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику be hard of hearing, to be under the weather, to be challenging

Unit 7=4

SB p.36 to seek publicity (добиваться/добиваться известности/рекламы) , to receive (a lot of) coverage (получить обширное освещение Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику в СМИ), to sue sb for sth (возбуждать иск), libel, to make the front page (попасть на первую страничку газет), to run a story (поместить сообщение (в газете), an average Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику family, to emerge, at the height of a … season (разгар сезона),

SB p.37 (2) despite the fact that …, to lose/win a case, a lawsuit (суд, жалоба, иск), to claim that …, to amount Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику to (fraud) (быть равносильным …),

(3) shortly, shortly before/after…, to undergo (training) (пройти подготовку), to cause an accident (быть предпосылкой аварии)

(4) a judge’s ruling, a spouse, (to install) a bugging device, a criminal offense Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, invasion of privacy (вмешательство в личную жизнь), to apply to … (относиться к, быть применимым к …),

SB p.152 otherwise, to tend to do sth (иметь склонность делать что-либо), a circulation Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику of a newspaper

Ex. 6 (Supplement) (I) a source, to respond to sth, to bring sth to the attention of …, to become easy prey for sb, a drug-dealer, to handle sth, to be nipped in the Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику bud, drug abuse, illicit (drugs) (нелегальные фармацевтические средства)

(II) an incident, drug dependency, to confirm sth, (to do sth) at the request of sb, a drug addict (drug addiction), consequences of Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику sth, to take drugs, premises, within (a week), to be involved in sth, underage


Unit 8=10

SB p.97 to rely on sb to do sth (полагаться на кого-то, рассчитывать, что кто Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику-то сделает что-то) , via (email), vital (актуально принципиальный), a link to sth, ingenious (изобретательный, смышленый), to be dependent on sb, timely, to face sth (смело глядеть в лицо (угрозы) , an orphan, to recruit Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику sb, initially, to pay sb an allowance (выплачивать валютное содержание, карманные средства) , workforce

WB p.49 (1) forthcoming, inside help, to be under threat, housing

(2) to appeal to sb (быть симпатичным, нравиться), tough (тяжелый, тяжкий Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику), to be in decline,

SB p. 158 (R10.1) a matter of course (нечто само собой разумеющееся), to accept sth as a matter of course (принять что-то как подабающее), henceforth (впредь), Rumour has it Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику that … (прогуливается слух, что), (to be) a matter of opinion (спорный вопрос), a train of events (цепь событий, стечение событий),

SB p.159 (R10.2) to deserve sth, to stick with/to sth (придерживаться чего Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику-либо, продолжать), gifted, to want sth badly enough

SB p.100 – 101 an amateur, to persist (упорствовать, напористо продолжать), upbringing

Ex.8 (Supplement) to keep a resolution (выполнить решение, намерение), to make it to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику the top (in business) (достигнуть фуррора, преуспеть), to stem from sth (появляться, происходить), regardless of sth (несмотря на, не считаясь с), to give sb a hard time (доставить кому-либо проблем Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, вынудить попотеть), (factors) come into play (начать действовать), to see sth through (выполнить, довести до конца), freelance (внештатный), to back sth up (оказывать поддержку, способствовать), gender, apart from sth, to adjust sth

WB p.51 (2) however (small Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику), to treat sb equally (относиться к / обращаться с … идиентично)


Unit 9

Ex. 2. to do without sth, to find oneself somewhere, to indulge in pleasure (позволить, доставлять для себя наслаждение), quite the reverse, hard Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику proof (жесткое подтверждение), to be worthwhile (быть стоящим делом, иметь смысл), self-esteem (самоуважение, чувство собственного плюсы), to derive benefits from sth (извлекать выгоду из чего-либо), to overcome Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику resistance to … (преодолевать сопротивление к …), a sense of well-being (чувство благополучия), to impose sth on sb (навязывать что-либо кому-либо), genuine, to be deprived of sth, to be мейд redundant Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, to regard sth as sth, an outsider (сторонний человек) , to be preferable to sth (быть желаемым чему-либо), self-sufficient (независящий, уверенный в себе), to cause damage, irreparable (неисправимый)

Ex. 4. to overdo sth Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику, to switch off from sth, to resent doing sth, office hours (рабочее время), edge, irritable, to indicate sth,

Ex. 6. to create opportunities (jobs), to pay by the hour, temporary work, to be Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику unheard of, a major corporation (manufacturer), (a) top (university), a rate of (pay), meager wages, a think tank, in this sense, to profile sth, to complete a doctorate, a scholar, full-fledged, self Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику-indulgence, a down payment for sth, an option


Unit 10


Ex.3. to propose to sb, to cross sb’s mind (It never crossed my mind (not) to …), a novelty, to go along Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику with sth, eventually

Ex.6. to rule (The court ruled that …), to be (in)valid, in keeping with sth, to give one’s consent, to allege that …, bail (to be released on bail), to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику file a suit, to declare sth void, by a two to one majority, a guardian, to expose sth, a hard line group,

Ex. 10. to consider sth (to consider doing sth), to have Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику full / joint custody of …, to leave things as they are, to hold true (This pattern holds true …), a framework (in the framework of …), to (re)define sth, a breadwinner, to allocate money for Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику …, to claim aid for …, to qualify for sth, a tax deduction, to meet criteria, a right of inheritance, to fall short (Such laws fall short …), to carry full legal authority, to Screaming Tyres - Дополнительные материалы к учебнику ease sth, to receive an allowance


^ Face 2 Face Advanced


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